Seminar

SALT INDUSTRY IN TAMIL NADU
                                                                    [ SEMINAR ]
            
BY
C.KAMARAJ , IAS
MANAGING DIRECTOR
 TAMIL NADU SALT CORPORATION LIMITED
CHENNAI



HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF SALT INDUSTRY

  • Salt manufacture was carried on along the vast coast line of Tamil Nadu about 800 KMs part of the Coromandal Coast from time immemorial
  • In 1802 The East India Company reserved to itself the exclusive right of manufacturing salt on the Coromandal coast and production by private persons was made subject to Govt. controlIn 
  • 1805 Govt. also established monopoly for the sale of salt by regulation under which manufacturers were required to sell salt to Govt. at fixed rate
  •    In 1853, the Excise System of manufacture was introduced – a system of licensing the production
  • The modified excise system was introduced in 1926 – wherein the manufacturers were required to reserve 50 % of the total production for sale to the Govt. at a fixed price.
  • Salt had been a source of revenue to all the former rulers of India. The East India Company was collecting 500,000 rupees a year directly or through princely proxies, by taxing salt a necessity of life.
  • In 1788, the tax on salt was 3.25 rupees a Maund (about 32 Kg.). An average labourer family would spend two month’s salary in a year, for salt. The British Raj raised a “Customs Hedge” to prevent smuggling of salt .
  • Implemented the hated salt tax that affected every man, woman and child in colonial India.
  • The salt tax and the hedge continued for nearly two centuries barely abating even during plagues, floods and draughts.
  • Mahatma Gandhiji’s Salt Satyagraha ignited the nation’s struggle for freedom but even that did not stop the tax collection.
  • The salt Tax was abolished on February 29, 1947 just six months before independence.

TYPE OF SALT

  • SEA SALT
    • EDIBLE AND INDUSTRIAL
  • ROCK SALT
    •   EDIBLE AND OTHER USES
  • BLACK SALT
    • EDIBLE PURPOSE
  • POWDER SALT
    • EDIBLE , CHMICAL,LEATHER PROCESSING AND DYING INDUSTRIES
SALT PRODUCTION CENTERS / STATES IN INDIA

           

National Scenario of  Salt Production


SALT SCENARIO IN SOUTHERN STATES
  • Southern States contributes around 12 % of the total salt production
  • Tamil Nadu produces 87 % of production from southern states.
  • Tamil Nadu is the 2nd largest producer of salt in India.
  • Major production areas are Thoothukudi, Vedaranyam, Ramanathapuram , and Marakkanam   in Tamilnadu.


                                                
Salt Production Flow Chart



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